Electrolytes are vital cofactors for muscle energy metabolism and cell function. Suboptimal levels can compromise performance while optimal levels promote endurance and may lessen the perception of exertion during exercise. This formula combines sodium, chloride, potassium, calcium and magnesium to replenish electrolytes lost during exercise and to help retain hydration, particularly for workouts lasting longer than 1–2 hours. Maltodextrin and glucose contained in this formula provide pre-exercise support by providing rapidly available energy and helping to preserve glycogen stores during activity. Additionally, they serve to delay fatigue and help replenish glycogen stores post-exercise. Alpha ketoglutarate and malate are Krebs cycle intermediates, key substrates for energy production that help to maximize fat and carbohydrate utilization. Studies have revealed that alpha ketoglutarate, as a precursor to glutamine, may also help muscle protein synthesis and recovery. The amino acid l-tyrosine is a precursor to the catecholamine neurotransmitters, including dopamine, epinephrine and norepinephrine. Research has indicated that l-tyrosine promotes mental focus under stressful conditions and may also help promote physical endurance.*
Suggested use: Adults use 2 scoops, mixed in 8-10 oz water, 20 minutes before intense exercise. Take an additional 2-4 scoops during training or an event if needed.
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